In 2018, an indigenous farmer sighted a slider turtle in the village's closest water source for the first time in the community's living history. The stream monitoring project was formed from attempts to verify his claim. in the 2019 field season, the turtles (believed to be escaped pets) were no longer a village myth. Here an underwater drone shows a turtle in the water body. Turtles have also been picked up on camera traps located in a second water body almost 15km away. These turtles appear to be supporting invasive mammals whose presence in both areas have also increased. A significant contributing factor to the increased occurrence of invasive species around the village's closest water source is the state-sanctioned installation of a medicinal marijuana farm as part of a pilot project. 

cane toad

Another invasive herpetofauna whose population has exploded in the wake of the marijuana farm is  the cane toad. Found in close proximity to endemic rain toads that form the focus of the stream monitoring project, the cane toad population in the nearby water source has seen a ten-fold increase on last years numbers. Where between 2-5 were seen in the 2018 field season per stream visit,  the team now observes between 20 and 30 (in 2019). 


In both the 2018 and 2019 field seasons, rats were camera-trapped on the embankments of two different water sources approximately 15km apart. In both of these locations, turtle presence has been confirmed. Alongside turtle eggs, it is likely that the rats are going after the eggs of black-billed and yellow-billed parrots; locals have reported sightings of depredated bird nests in tree hollows. 



In the 2019 field season, mongooses were caught on camera traps on the embankment of a water source close to Accompang village. Mongoose presence has been confirmed in a number of agricultural smallholdings on the forest periphery as well as within the forest core, as seen from partly eaten wild pine found in the southern core.Though largely scavenging on shrub fruit, mongooses are likely predators of the nests of black-billed and yellow-billed parrots. 


feral cats

In the 2019 field season, feral cats were caught on camera traps on an embankment approximately 15km away from the village. This embankment has a high density of turtle population with a number of baby turtles caught on camera traps. As many of the villagers implement stricter waste management practices to  keep rats and mongooses away (waste disposal services from the state are very unreliable, and can come as infrequently as once every four months), feral cats that once subsisted on household scraps are venturing further and further into the forest. 


Data type

IUCN Red List criteria: A3e

Data availability: suspected